Can someone complete this research paper for me about “operant condition & parenting and the two process theory of punishment”?
- All of the instructions, tips, topic and rubric is in the attached document.
- There is also and example paper attached as a pdf form that you can refer to.
- Needs to be in APA format.
Can someone complete this research paper for me about “operant condition & parenting and the two process theory of punishment”? All of the instructions, tips, topic and rubric is in the attached d
DIRECTIONS: Please include in your submission: a title page (page 1) the body of your paper (pages 2-3) in-text citations a reference page (page 4+) The body of your paper should be 1-2 pages long. If required material is listed on subsequent pages, you will lose points. Please write succinctly! GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR ASSIGNMENT Students are required to write a research paper. The paper will be a research based literature review that expands on one of the concepts covered in class (see steps 1-4 below). Students will pick a topic covered in class (step 1), expand on the idea by researching relevant literature (step 2) and relating it to a published theory (step 3), PARAPHRASE and cite supporting articles for evidence, and conclude with a unique/relevant hypothesis-based proposal (step 4). Students are required to use scientific writing style. This is different from essay/reflection writing style. Students are expected to PARAPHRASE AND USE IN-TEXT CITATIONS. Please avoid using direct quotes. Avoid giving summaries of each and every article you read. Each paragraph should be an integration of cited results from several journal articles with the student’s own thoughts in-between each cited fact (i.e., topic sentence, cite results from journal article #1, own thoughts, cite results from journal article #2, own thoughts, cite results from journal article #3, own thoughts, summary/transition sentence). Students that write individual paragraphs on each article without synthesizing and integrating several related research articles with their own thoughts will automatically receive a C (70%) for their paper. SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS Step 1: Select a concept covered in class. Concept – operant conditioning & parenting operant conditioning may refer to reinforcement or punishment. Do not try to cover both in your paper. You won’t have room to effectively discuss both reinforcement and punishment and stay within the 2 page limit. The first paragraph of your paper will use several different in-text citations to broadly define and describe both your learning procedure (pavlovian or operant conditioning) and your psychological topic (fear, parenting, etc. ….). Step 2: Research your topic. The second paragraph of your paper will get more specific and will discuss your topic in relation to published peer-reviewed scientific/experimental articles. You will want to look specifically for references that are original peer-reviewed research articles that have an Intro, Methods, Results and Discussion section. Articles with graphs and figures will be easier for you to understand. Students should cite at least 7 original research articles in their paper. Step 3: Relate your topic to a published theory. The third paragraph of your paper will relate experimental findings on your topic to a relevant theory DISCUSSED IN OUR CLASS. To do this you should look for additional articles that link your topic to one of the following theories: Theory – Two Process Theory of Punishment For the theory paragraph, you will want to look specifically for review articles. For example, if I were interested in classical conditioning as a model for compulsive drug-seeking behavior in females, I would specifically search for review articles on Rescorla Wagner Model, classical conditioning, and drug-seeking. I would likely come up with articles describing how the brain codes for salient stimuli involved in drug-seeking behaviors and how these stimuli control compulsive behaviors. I would relate the results from experiments I discussed in step 2 to the theory I found in step 3. I would then critique the theory and determine if the available research did a good job of supporting the theory. In this section, it is OK to give your opinion, however it is not ok to use first person (e.g., don’t use I, me, we, our, I believe, ect). Students should cite at least 1 review article in their paper. TIP: Sometimes, it may be difficult to find an article on your particular topic AND theory together in one review. So it will be up to you to find articles that are example uses of the theory. For example, it may not specifically state the Rescorla-Wagner module in the article, however, you can use any article that tests how much learning occurs when the US is surprising and how much learning changes from trial to trial (because that’s what the Rescorla-Wagner module explains). You may have to do some digging, so make sure you pick a theory that you understand before you finalize your paper topic. Step 4: State a hypothesis and propose an original experiment. In the last paragraph, you will propose an experiment. After properly researching your topic and any related theories, you should develop a hypothesis about your topic. Remember a hypothesis is a research question. It is a question that experimenters ask before they conduct an experiment. Your hypothesis should be based off the literature you read, but should be an original hypothesis. Then propose an experiment that you would want to conduct to test your hypothesis. Briefly describe the experiment as if you were writing an abstract. However, your description should include a few more details regarding the research design. Be sure to indicate the following: Hypothesis independent and dependent variable if a between subjects vs. within subjects vs. mixed design would be used what type of technique/procedure would be used to test your effect what type of statistical test you would use to analyze your results a prediction describing expected results. Remember a prediction indicates what results are expected if you were to actually conduct the experiment. Predictions differ from hypotheses (see Research Methods review lecture in Modules) **You do not need to write an entire methods section. This is much shorter than what you likely did in Research Methods. Some extra tips When writing the overall paper, you should start with an opening paragraph that introduces your topic. The next paragraph of your paper should be an integration of the original research articles and your own thoughts. Then link the literature to a published theory. The final paragraph of the paper will be your hypothesis and proposed experiment. End your paper with a summary paragraph. Be sure to include at least 8 in-text citations (7 must be from original research articles + 1 must be from a review article). When you are organizing your paper for the assignment, it is OK to flip flop steps 2 and 3. It is OK if your paper makes more sense presenting the theory followed by supporting original research articles. It is also OK to present the original articles first followed by the associated theory. The main objective is to make sure both types of articles are included in your paper and the paper is written in an organized/logical manner. The body of your paper should not exceed TWO pages (excludes title and reference page). I will stop reading at the end of your 2nd page of text. If required material is listed on subsequent pages, you will lose points. Please write succinctly! **Although the paper instructions indicate a total of 8 references are required, please keep in mind you still have to cite each and every sentence that contains information you learned from an outside source. For example, your paper may include 8 different in-text citations but your paper also includes one uncited sentence that describes the symptoms of Autism. You will need to cite this sentence as well because the symptoms of Autism are not common knowledge. You can find this information in one of your already 8 obtained references, or you will have to add a 9th reference. What does an “A” paper look like?: “A” papers will complete all necessary requirements for the assignment as listed in the instructions and the below checklist AND will demonstrate a high level of professionalism, excellent writing style, exceptional critical thinking skills, and perfect APA formatting. Specifically “A” papers will demonstrate flawless readability and clarity, no grammatical errors, and adherence to the standards for academic honesty. Basically when I assign grades, I am assessing 3 factors 1) content 2) writing style and 3) formatting. So if you make several errors in one of these categories, your grade will be dropped by 1 letter grade. For example, if you write a paper that has great content and great writing style but you make several formatting errors, your grade will be dropped to a B. However, if you write a paper that is poor in all three areas (content, writing style, and formatting), then your grade will drop to a D. Warning: I am a fair but tough grader with high expectations. I will need about 2-3 weeks to grade the first submission. Papers will be returned and students will have 2 weeks to revise (see next section). Please plan schedules accordingly. GRADING RUBRIC Below is how your First submission will be scored on content, writing style, and formatting. Your final submission will also follow the same instructions and requirements listed in this document, however the amount of additional percentage points added to your initial paper grade will be based on how well you addressed comments I made on the first submission. The final submission should be MUCH improved over the first submission. Title page (Professional Style): Header must be inserted ½ inch from the top margin, not manually entered. Left aligned all letters capitalized a shortened form of the paper title no more than 50 characters (including spaces and punctuation) right aligned page number on same line as header. font style and size matches the rest of the paper no longer needs the words “Running head” The byline appears centered on the page and consists of the following three lines: Full title of paper 12 word maximum centered on the page boldface upper & lower case should be longer than your header is 4 lines down from the top margin Your name centered (no titles or degrees) Your institutional affiliation centered Body of the Paper: Literature search on your research topic. The full title also appears centered on the first line, boldface (upper & lower case). One paragraph describing the conditioning procedure and topic (step 1) One paragraph discussing the literature and how it relates to your topic (step 2) One paragraph discussing the literature and how it relates to a theory (step 3) One paragraph describing your proposed experiment (not correlation). This section should be written in future tense. Please include the following items: State hypothesis (“The aim of the proposed experiment is to determine the effects of….”) List independent variable(s) and levels (level 1, level2) List dependent variable(s) (give units if applicable ex: sec, days, mg/kg, ect) List technique/procedure used to measure your DV State design of experiment (between subjects? Within subjects? Mixed?) State statistical test used to analyze data (independent samples t-test, paired t-test, one-way ANOVA, 2-way ANOVA, 3-way ANOVA) List prediction/expected results Summary paragraph for entire paper Citations At least 8 articles from peer-reviewed psychology journals related to your paper topic (websites do not count). At least 7 are original research articles and appropriately PARAPHRASED At least 1 is a review article and appropriately PARAPHRASED Direct quotes were avoided. A maximum of 2 quotes are allowed. Every work that is cited in the body is listed on the Reference page. Likewise, every reference on the Reference page has been cited at least once in the body. In-text citations formatted correctly in APA style Never include initials Do not include page numbers (unless it is a quotation) For 1 author (Last name, year) For two authors (Last name & Last name, year) For 3+ authors (Last name et al., year) No indication of plagiarism: Make sure all paraphrases have been cited in text using the author(s) last names and dates of publication. References The title “References” appears centered on the Reference page and is boldface, no colon. References appear alphabetically by first author’s last name. Use hanging indent The first line of each reference is not indented. Subsequent lines are indented ½ inch. Follow APA style formatting for references (see APA manual 7th edition) Last name and first initials of author names using APA style formatting Publication date in parentheses following author names Article titles: Only the first letter of first word and proper nouns are capitalized (and first word after a colon). Journal names are italicized and use upper and lowercase letters. Do not capitalize “of”, “in”, “on”, “and”, “an”. Volume numbers are italicized. Issue numbers appear in parentheses and are not italicized. Include both the first and last page numbers on journal article references. Include the DOI number as a hyperlink (if applicable) EXTRA FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO YOUR GRADE: APA Formatting Margins are to be one inch (1”) from the top, bottom, and sides. Double space everything, including title page and reference page. Indent the beginning of each paragraph using one tab space. Do not leave extra space between paragraphs. To fix, right-click, paragraph, and select the checkbox to stop skipping spaces between paragraphs. Use “left align”. All pages are numbered in sequence starting with the Title page. Use 12-point Times New Roman font for entire paper Use one space after a period at the end of a sentence. Sections of the paper are in the correct order. Layout of paper (spacing of sections and headings) Writing Style: Writing style (good sentence structure, professional word choice, clarity) Overall cohesiveness and organization of the paper Do not use personal pronouns and modifiers (e.g., My, me, I, Our, We, etc.). The only exception would be if you are writing a paper on gender. Performed a spelling and grammar check on the completed document. Good papers will be appropriately cited but also will include the student’s own ideas. Two versions were successfully submitted (first and final). Students failing to submit one of the versions will receive a zero for the entire paper assignment. Final submission showed marked improvement and all comments from first submission were addressed. If the final version is not significantly improved from the first submission, points will be deducted from the original first submission paper grade. However, if the final submission is much improved, up to 10% can be added to first submission paper grade. Good papers will make the following very clear to the reader Topic addressed Aim of the paper Clear interpretation of previously published papers Clearly described link between the research findings and the theory Well-developed hypothesis Clear description of proposed experiment aim and variables (IV, DV) Evidence that student understands the design and interpretation of proposed experiment Some insight on the meaning (take home message) of your paper
Can someone complete this research paper for me about “operant condition & parenting and the two process theory of punishment”? All of the instructions, tips, topic and rubric is in the attached d
ALCOHOL & REVERSAL LEARNING 1 Effects of C hronic Ethanol on Orbitofrontal Cortex -dependent Behaviors Kimberly A. Badanich University of South Florida Commented [BK1]: NOTE: this is an excerpt from a paper I published (Badanich et al 2011). I altered it to fit your paper assignment. Please use this paper as a GUIDE for writing your own paper. See comment boxes in righthand margin for tips on organizing the paper. DO NOT COPY MY WORDS PLEASE. USE THIS AS A GUIDE. Commented [BK3]: A header with page number is still required but the words “Runnin g head” are no longer required. YAY! The header should be in all caps and less than 50 characters. Don’t forget to check font! Commented [BK2]: APA has 2 versions of the title page 1) Professional and 2) student. In this class we will be using the professional title page format. Commented [BK4]: Skip 4 lines between top margin and paper title Commented [BK5]: Paper title is centered, bold , and uses upper and lowercase letters. It does not exceed 12 words Commented [BK6]: Make sure ENTIRE paper is double spaced from start of title page until the last reference. Commented [BK7]: Font for entire paper should be consistent throughout, including the header. For assignment clarity , everyone should use Times New Roman size 12 Commented [BK8]: Margins should be 1” on all sides and left aligned . ALCOHOL & REVERSAL LEARNING 2 Effects of Chronic Ethanol on Orbitofrontal Cortex -dependent Behaviors Chronic consumption of alcohol is associated with various chan ges in cognition and behavior. These effects include increased anxiety and irritability (Rassovsky et al ., 2004; Thevos et a l., 1991), memory deficits (Ahveninen et al ., 2000 ), and poor decision making skills (Kamarajan et al ., 2010 ). Risky (Fernie et al ., 2010) and impulsive (Littlefield et al ., 2010) decision making skills can predict the s everity of alcohol misuse. However, alcoholics with “normal” decision -making skills have difficulty making appropriate decisions . In particular, alcoholics show deficits in behavioral flexibility and reversal learning (Tsuchida et al ., 2010 ). In reversal learning tasks, subjects are initially taught to respond (R) by using positive reinforcement procedures to increase the response of the subject when in the presence of a specific stimulus [(S); Chance, 2014] . Once the subject consistently responds, the S -R relationship changes, a different stimulus predicts the reward, and subjects must problem solve to figure out the new S-R relationship (Birrell & Brown, 2000) . Exposure to alcohol seems to exace rbate behavioral inflexibility. Abstinent alcoholics are able to follow the initial rule and reach criterion performance prior to the rule switch (Jenkins & Parsons, 1979). However, behavioral flexibility becomes impaired as indicated by a delay in the ability to reverse the rule (Badanich et al., 2011; Fortier et al ., 2008; Goldman et al ., 1985; Rourke & Grant, 1999 ). These data suggest chronic exposure to alcohol impairs behavioral flexibility. Behavior resulting from a reversal learning task can be explained by Hull’s Drive – Reduction T heory (Hull, 1943 ). For any task incorporating positive reinforcement, s ubjects are motivated to respond to a stimulus because the outcome is rewarding (Thorndike, 1927 ). Specifically, praise and positive feedback can be received if a subject responds appropriately whe n a visual stimulus is presented ( Jedema et al. , 2011 ). During reversal learning, m otivation to Commented [BK9]: No abstract is needed for this assignment Commented [BK10]: Remember the title belongs on the second page as well Commented [BK11]: Do not skip spaces between title and first paragraph. To fix, select entire paper, right click, select “paragraph” and check the box that says do not skip spaces. Commented [BK12]: Notice how much I am citing!! Commented [BK13]: Notice my opening sentence is quite broad. I start by introducing the topic of alcohol and how it ef fects cognition in general Commented [BK14]: Here I start to get more specific. Here I focus on behavioral flexibility and reversal learning as the specific behaviors I am interested in and how it is effected by alcohol Commented [BK15]: Do not skip spaces in between paragraphs. To fix, select entire paper, right click, select “paragraph” and check the box that says do not skip spaces. Commented [BK16]: Here I start to introduce a type of conditioning that is related to my topic of reversal learning and alcohol. Commented [BK17]: I used the textbook to define the gener al concept of positive reinforcement Commented [BK18]: Notice how much I am citing Commented [BK19]: I relate positive reinforcement to original research articles on behavioral flexibility and alcohol Commented [BK20]: Here I introduce a learning theory Commented [BK21]: For one or two authors you list the authors’ last n ame and the publication year. Never include initials Commented [BK22]: It can be hard to find an article on a particular learning theory. Here I reviewed our textbook and searched for references related to positive reinforcement and Drive -Reduction Theory. I then looked up those references, read them, and cited them here. Commented [BK23]: For 3 or more authors, list only the first author’s last name followed by et al., and the publication date. Never include initials. Pay attention to periods and comma placement in the et al., ALCOHOL & REVERSAL LEARNING 3 receive praise is positively reinforced by subjects learning the correct S -R relationship and further drives the incentive to problem solve when the rule cha nges (Birrell & Brown, 2000 ; Jedema et al., 2011 ). If alcoholics have trouble performing reversal learning tasks, it may be that alcohol disrupts normal function of intrinsic motivational states or drives . Despite observations that alcoholics show cognitive inflexibility on reversal learning tasks, there is a paucity of data regarding the long -term effects of chronic ethanol exposure on reversal learning . The hypothesis of the proposed study would be to determine if deficits in cognitive performance following alcohol exposure resolve during an extended period of abstinence. The independent variable will be Treatment and will be divided into 2 groups. H alf of the subjects will receiv e alcohol exposure and the other half will receive placebo (i.e., the control group) . A second independent variable of Time will also be included with subjects being tested 2 weeks or 1 year following alcohol exposure to determine whether alcohol -induced changes in reversal learning are long -lasting. The dependent variable will be the number of errors made during a reversal learning behavioral test . Treatment will be a between subjects variable with subjects onl y receiving ethanol or placebo. Time will be a re peated measure because subjects will be tested at 2 weeks and again at 1 year . A mixed factor two -way ANOVA will be used to statistically a nalyze data. It is predicted that ethanol would impair performance i n reversal learning behaviors by increasing the number of errors made during short -term abstinence from alcohol, but not after extended abstinence . Results of this proposed study would suggest that alcohol may alter OFC function. Future studies should focus on determining what effects alcohol has on the neural activity of the OFC. Elucidating the impact of ethanol on OFC function and cognitive flexibility is critical for developing a better understanding of the behavioral consequences of chronic alcohol drinking . Commented [BK24]: I relate original research articles on reversal learning and alcohol to the learning theory (Drive – Reduction) Commented [BK25]: When citing a sentence, the period is placed after the citation and outside the parentheses. Commented [BK26]: Here I indicate what we still need to know. I am l eading us into my hypothesis Commented [BK27]: Here’s my hypothesis Commented [BK28]: Notice I switch to future tense once I start to describe my hypothesis and proposed study. Commented [BK29]: Heres my independent variable and description of each level Commented [BK30]: Here’s the dependent variable Commented [BK31]: Here’s a description of the research design and statistical test I would use. Commented [BK32]: Here’s my prediction Commented [BK33]: Noticed page li mit is 2 pages of text (does not include title and reference pages). I stop reading here. Commented [BK34]: Summary paragraph ALCOHOL & REVERSAL LEARNING 4 References Ahveninen , J., Jääskeläinen , I. P., Pekkonen , E., Hallberg , A., Hietanen , M., Näätänen , R., & Sillanaukee , P. (2000). Global field power of auditory N1 correlates with impaired verbal -memory performance in human alcoholics. Neuroscience Letters , 285 (2), 131 -134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0304 -3940(00)01041 -7 Badanich, K. A., Becker, H. C., & Woodward, J. J. (2011). Effects of chronic intermittent ethanol exposure on orbitofrontal and m edial prefrontal cortex -dependent behaviors in mice. Behavioral Neuroscience , 125 (6), 879 –891. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025922 Birrell , J. M., & Brown , V. J. (2000) . Medial frontal cortex mediates perceptual attentional set shifting in the rat. Journal of Neuroscience, 20 (11) , 4320 -432 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.20 -11-04320.2000 Chance , P. (2014). Learning and b ehavior (7th ed .). Cengage . Fernie , G., Cole , J. C., Goudie , A. J., & Field , M. (2010). Risk -taking but not response inhibition or delay discounting predict alcohol consumption in social drinkers. Drug and Alcohol Depe ndence , 112 (1-2), 54 -61. Fortier , C. B., Steffen , E. M., Lafleche , G., Venne , J. R., Disterhoft , J. F., & McGlinchey , R. E. (2008). Delay discrimination and reversal eyeblink classical conditioning in abstinent chronic alcoholics. Neuropsychology, 22 (2) , 196 -208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0894 – 422.214.171.124 Goldman, M. S., Klisz, D. K., & Williams, D. L. (1985). Experience -dependent recovery of cognitive functioning in young alcoholics. Addictive Behaviors , 10(2), 169 –176. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306 -4603(85)90023 -1 Commented [BK35]: References start on a new page, regardless of w here the body of your paper ended. Commented [BK36]: Reference page it titled “References” and is centered and bold. No colon . Commented [BK38]: Use hangi ng indent. Select reference page, right click, select “paragraph” and select “hanging” and “0.5” from the special dropdown menu. Commented [BK37]: Remember to have at minimum 7 original research articles from peer reviewed journals and at minimum 1 review article and/or book. Commented [BK39]: Do not skip spaces in between references. To fix, select entire paper, right click, select “paragraph” and check the box t hat says do not skip spaces. Commented [BK40]: Example book citation. Notice the book title is in italics and the publisher is listed. Commented [BK41]: The city and state for the publisher is no longer required. Commented [BK42]: Note formatting of author names Commented [BK43]: Note placement of publication year Commented [BK44]: Note that article titles use a capital letter for the first word in the title only. The rest are lowercase. The only exception are proper nouns, abbreviations. Also when there is a colon in the middle of the title. The first word after the colon has a capital letter. The rest are lowercase. ALCOHOL & REVERSAL LEARNING 5 Hull, C. L. (1943). Principles of behavior. Appleton -Century -Crofts. Jedema , H. P., Carter , M. D., Dugan , B. P., Gurnsey , K., Olsen , A. S., & Bradberry , C. W. (2011). The acute impact of ethanol on cognitive performance in rhesus m acaques. Cerebral Cortex, 21 (8), 1783 –1791. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhq244 Jenkins , R. L., & Parsons , O.A. (1979). Recovery of cognitive abilities in male alcoholics. Currents in Alcoholism , 7, 229 -37. Kamarajan, C., Rangaswamy, M., Tang, Y., Chorlian, D. B., Pandey, A. K., Roopesh , B. N., Manz, N., Saunders, R., Stimus, A. T., & Porjesz, B. (2010 ). Dysfunctional reward processing in male alcoholics: An ERP study during a gambling task. Journal of Psychiatric Research , 44(9), 576 –590. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2009.11.019 Littlefield , A. K., Sher , K. J., & Steinley , D. (2010). Developmental trajectories of impulsivity and their association with alcohol use and related outcomes during emerging and young adulthood I. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 34 (8) , 1409 -1416. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530 -0277.2010.01224.x Rassovsky , Y., Hurliman , E., Abrams , K., & Kushner , M.G. (2004). CO(2) hypersensitivity in recently abstinent alcohol dependent individuals: A possible mechanism underlying the high risk for anxiety disorder among alcoholics. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 18 (2), 159 -176. Rourke , S. B., & Grant I. (1999). T he interactive effects of age and length of abstinence on the recovery of neuropsychological functioni ng in chronic male alcoholics: A 2-year follow – up study . Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society , 5(3), 234 -246. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1355617799533067 Commented [BK45]: Journal name and volume number are italicized Commented [BK46]: The journal name uses upper and lowercase letters. Words such as “in”, “of”, “the”, “an”, “and” should be lowercase. Commented [BK47]: New APA rule says to list up to 20 author names before using an ellipsis (…) Commented [BK48]: When there is a colon in the middle of the title. The first word after the colon has a capital letter. The rest are lowercase. Commented [BK49]: The issue number is in parentheses and is NOT italicized. Commented [BK50]: First AND last page number a re listed. Commented [BK51]: Pay attention to where periods and commas belong ALCOHOL & REVERSAL LEARNING 6 Thevos , A. K., Johnston , A. L., Latham , P. K., Randall , C. L., Adinoff , B., & Malcolm , R. (1991). Symptoms of anxiety in inpatient alcoholics with and without DSM -III-R anxiety diagnoses. Alcoholism : Clinical and Experimental Research, 15 (1) , 102 -105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530 -0277.1991.tb00525.x Thorndike, E. L. (1927). The law of effect. American Journal of Psychology, 39 , 212 -222. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1415413 Tsuchida , A., Do ll, B. B., & Fellows , L. K. (2010). Beyond reversal: A critical role for human orbitofrontal cortex in flexible learning from probabilistic feedback. Journal of Neuroscience, 30 (50) , 16868 -168 75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1958 – 10.2010 Commented [BK52]: Yes – you still put a period after the last page number and before the doi hyperlink Commented [BK53]: Use a doi finder to list the doi. A good one is crossref.org Commented [BK54]: The doi should be listed as a hyperlink. i t is no longer required to add the label “doi” before the hyperlink. If it lists “doi” in the hyperlink – that is ok! Commented [BK55]: Do not add a period or anything to the end of the doi because it could change the hyperlink