Compose a 1500 words assignment on the psychology of communication disorders: help for the child with speech and language delay. Needs to be plagiarism free! Everybody just loves talking to the little one because they are sure to hear funny sounds. When the child grows older however and noticeable delays in speech and language become apparent, then the mood at home changes and is replaced by worry over the child’s development. What if this scenario takes place?
Your cousin tells you that their 4 years old has been diagnosed with a delay of speech and language with no obvious cause. Your cousin’s partner is from a non-dominant cultural background, which your cousin is well informed about and active within (including the second language. What is the family supposed to do in this case and how will the speech and language delays affect the child?
Even clinicians tend to be confused about whether to proceed with their assessment or to wait and see until the child improves in his communication (Busari & Weggelaar, 2004). Interestingly, some children are able to catch up but others develop social problems as adults.
According to Busari & Weggelaar (2004), speech and language delays affect children from 3 to 16 years old. It has been described as a “delay in speech and/or language development compared with controls matched for age, sex, cultural background, and intelligence” (Busari & Weggelaar, 2004). A delay is considered when the speech and language development does not meet the expectations or milestones set for a particular age so that the child tends to be slower in his pace (Ansel et al. as cited in Leung & Pion Kao,1999).
A child graduates from making cooing sounds, imitating words, and mixing words until they are able to make a complete sentence (Leung & Pion Kao,1999). More specifically, a child who is between 4 to 5 years old is already expected to use at least six words in one sentence and be able to identify at least four of the colors he sees (Schwartz as cited in Leung & Pion Kao,1999). However, if these are not carried out by the child then this may be a reason to believe that a speech and language delay is present.