Student 1 (nef):
I chose to answer the question “Did Reconstruction address the problems of race?
Well, it was addressed but not in a way to fix it as most whites did not want things to change. The only problem I found was that whites still had problems with African Americans even though they had been set free. At first Lincoln did not make abolition of slavery a goal during the war as he felt it would push away any bordering slave states that worked with the Union toward the Confederacy. He was wrong as the African Americans pushed the issue themselves by heading to the Union lines. With Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation over three million slaves were freed in the south in 1863, which lead to approximately 180,000 enlisting in the Union Army by the end of the war. In 1865 three days after he gave a speech stating that some blacks deserved the right to vote, he was assassinated.
Lincoln’s successor had a different view about African Americans. President Andrew Johnson would not tell the states how to govern themselves and who could or could not vote. Any land that had been confiscated by the Union Army and given to freed slaves was to be given back to the prewar owners. Southern state governments were allowed to rebuild as they saw fit. In 1865 and 1866 the south enacted laws known as the “black codes” that limited freed blacks’ activity and ensured their availability as a labor force. Many members of congress were mad so they passed the Freedmen’s Bureau and the Civil Rights Bills then sent them to Johnson. Johnson vetoed them both which lead to his impeachment in 1868 and the Civil Rights Act was the first major bill that became law over a presidential veto.
According to this they continually addressed the race problem and it did not end there. It would depend on which party was in control of the south as to what was going on. If the democrats were in control of the south then things were usually harder for the African Americans than if republicans. Lincoln had tried to turn things around for African Americans and then he was shot for doing so. Then his successor was the total opposite and changed everything back to suppressing the African Americans to basically treating them as slaves. It was a tug-o-war battle that went on for years.
STUDENT 2 (behere):
Question: What was radical Reconstruction? Was it radical?
Radical reconstruction essentially started because of Southern states opposing emancipation and used “black codes” to avoid this and control labor of emancipated blacks. (history.com) Radical reconstruction was providing freed slaves a voice and the freedom they deserved. This was considered radical because there was nothing written in the constitution on how this should be handled. They were not even sure that it was legal. Before Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by J. Booth he had a plan to allow the south back in that some say was too easy on them. (history.com) But after President Lincoln was killed, Andrew Jackson took the presidency with a much harsher view. He rejected the Civil Rights Act, and he rejected the Freedman’s Bureau Bill. Principally, going against everything Lincoln wanted and going about it all the wrong ways. Congress saw this complete racism and when extraordinary times come extraordinary actions must be taken. Even after the vetos by President Jackson congress passed the Reconstruction Act of 1867. (history.com) This was a continuing trend of passing laws that Jackson had vetoed. Proving the true power of congress. The Southern states were split into five different districts under the control of a Union General until they ratified the 14th amendment which clarified who was a citizen. In 1869 congress again passed the veto of Jackson and signed into law the 15th amendment, which allowed all “men” regardless of race, color or previous servitude to vote. (history.com) Leaving out the women’s right to vote. The fall out of this radical reconstruction would have a lasting impact on American history and still to this does. In 1870 all states had returned to the Union, but that was not necessarily a good thing. Some of the positives at the time were schools were being built, to educated freed slaves and families, access to public transportation and several other freedoms that previously were not allowed. The Ku Klux Klan was established at this time and took aim at republican leaders and anyone who challenged white authority.(history.com).
History.com Staff. (2009). Reconstruction. Retrieved January 17, 2017, from http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/r…
STUDENT 3 (ERIC):
Question: What the most important historical legacy of Reconstruction?
Good Day to All,
When going over all the questions and doing some research I have decide to do, “What the most important historical legacy of Reconstruction?”. First I believe to give the most important historical legacy of Reconstruction era, I need to state what the reconstruction was.
The Reconstruction era was a period between 1865-1877. This was after the Union victory in the Civil War in which some 4 million slaves was giving their freedom. The Reconstruction was mainly for rebuilding the South. Not only in changing their views which I believe was the purpose of the Civil War to beginning with, but also to reconstruct laws and bring them back to what the North considered normal.
The goals and intention was good but the south did not choose to play along. This making bring two other Reconstruction, the Presidential Reconstruction and the Radical Reconstruction. The Reconstruction era was a complete failure but most would consider the 14th and 15th Amendment to be the most important historical legacy to come out of it.
The 14th Amendment gave four key principles: State and Federal citizenship for all persons regardless of race, No state would be allowed to abridge the “privileges and immunities” of citizens, No person was allowed to be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, and No person could be denied ” equal protection of the laws”. These basic principles are key to even today society.
The 15th Amendment was also important as well. It stated that the United States government cannot deny a citizen the right to vote base off of race, color, previous condition of slavery.
In this era these where not popular Amendment the South hated them. The South still had issues evening 100 years later in to the civil rights movement. The Ku Klux Klan and other white supremacist organization targeted anyone who challenged white authority. This meaning really who enforced these amendments.
Primary Documents in American History
What Is the Fourteenth Amendment and What Does It Mean?
History.com Staff – http://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/r…