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Consider the articles your colleague chose and research the topic with the intent to find peer-reviewed articles that were published within the last 10 years demonstrating the opposite viewpoint. If you locate opposing research findings, explain whether or not the evidence is convincing enough to make you question your peer’s stance. Be sure to cite examples in your explanation. If you do not locate any opposing research, explain why you think this type of research is not available
Response: 1st Adams
Psychology and social sciences are clearly attest the importance of family in children’s lives and as a context for children’s development (Buriel Parke, 1998). A connection to another human, from the beginning of life is essential part of the emotional and cognitive growth. The usual connection is with a baby’s parents that develop the first attachments and govern how relationships develop.
Attachment theory states that any relations between a child and the caregiver from the beginning of life has a strong bond that shape the way cognitive functions will continue to thrive. The attachment theory is an area I feel very strongly about as everything starts in the beginning. With environment and the culture that we come from has a direct effect on us as a newborn and throughout our lives. How the caregiver responds will continue to stay with us internally throughout our lives.
Connections that are obtained from parent to child are encouraging link that is labeled authoritative parenting styles. It has been suggested that the effect of the mother, who is the primary caregiver, is bigger on the formation of the idea that outer world is dangerous and unsecure schema (Bruce et al., 2006).
In the study, Infant Attachment, Parenting Stress, and Child Emotional and Behavioral Problems at Age 3 Years, the stresses of a parent is a good indication that the three year old child will have problems with their behavior. In the study it was found that if a child has a safe connection with care giver it will build a barrier against any negative results from stress that may arise from the caregiver.
Doinita, N. E., & Maria, N. D. (2015). Attachment and Parenting Styles. Procedia – Social And Behavioral Sciences, 203(International Conference EPC-TKS 2015), 199-204. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.08.282
Körük, S., Öztürk, A., & Kara, A. (2016). The Predictive Strength of Perceived Parenting and Parental Attachment Styles on Psychological Symptoms among Turkish University Students. International Journal Of Instruction, 9(2), 215-230.
Tharner, A., Luijk, M. M., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., Jaddoe, V. V., Hofman, A., & … Tiemeier, H. (2012). Infant Attachment, Parenting Stress, and Child Emotional and Behavioral Problems at Age 3 Years. Parenting: Science & Practice, 12(4), 261-281. doi:10.1080/15295192.2012.709150
Corporal punishment (spanking) a child is a way of displaying a child’s bad behavior, but many would say that this this type of punishment is too harsh and could be considered abuse. Corporal punishment to this day to be a contentious topic of whether spanking a child is damaging or loving dispute with researchers and society. In many countries corporal punishment has been band in the schools. “Corporal punishment has been repeatedly associated with child abuse, moral internalization, aggression, delinquent and antisocial behavior, decreased quality of the parent-child relationship, increased behavioral symptoms, later criminal behavior, worse mental health” (Zolotor, Theodore, Runyan, Chang, & Laskey, 2011). With the research I have done the researchers seem to disagree that Corporal punishment (spanking) a child does more harm than good when it comes to their behavior, some kids developed fear of the parent(s), and children are very impressionable and do copycat what they see.
My professional opinion regarding Corporal punishment (spanking) a child, I would advise the caregiver (parent) that physical abuse is an horrifying thing to a child and if they have other options for disabling their child for example time out, this may be the way to go before spanking. Every child deserves a loving nonviolent home. Children need to learn right from wrong in a loving care manor.
There are still a lot of questions that need to be answered with Corporal punishment (spanking) a child, not everyone will agree that this issue is harmful to a child’s wellbeing, more research and studies need to be done.
Gershoff, E. T., & Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2016). Spanking and child outcomes: Old controversies and new meta-analyses. Journal Of Family Psychology, 30(4), 453-469. doi:10.1037/fam0000191
Stacks, A. M., Oshio, T., Gerard, J., & Roe, J. (2009). The moderating effect of parental warmth on the association between spanking and child aggression: a longitudinal approach. Infant & Child Development, 18(2), 178-194. doi:10.1002/icd.596
Zolotor, A. J., Theodore, A. D., Runyan, D. K., Chang, J. J., & Laskey, A. L. (2011). Corporal punishment and physical abuse: population-based trends for three-to-11-year-old children in the United States. Child Abuse Review, 20(1), 57-66. doi:10.1002/car.1128