I need help creating a thesis and an outline on Are Reason and Emotions Equally Necessary in Justifying a Moral Decision. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. For a balanced view of the situation and an effective solution to it, both emotion and reason are instrumental to a moral decision.
Reason and emotion are deceptively simple concepts. The varying significance given to these concepts by moral philosophers like David Hume and Immanuel Kant has attributed a level of sophistication to them, which may lead to misconceptions. One has to decide whether reason and emotion are independent entities. In fact, both of them are interlinked and inter-dependant. An emotionally charged mind may not completely be devoid of traces of reason. Otherwise, people would forget the world altogether in their moments of emotional heights. Likewise, there is no instance of thought or act of reason which is not informed and influenced by emotion. However, the varying degrees of emotion and reason may lead to situations where the thought or act is understood as influenced solely by either one of them.
Moral decisions are demanded when there is a conflict which is to be solved in individual or social life. The decision may aggravate or alleviate the conflict, based on the emphasis given to either reason or emotion in the process of materializing it. Though it is often argued that moral decisions are the outcome of personal intuitions, contemporary social theorists and philosophers acknowledge the part played by society in shaping moral standards, and thereby decisions. However, moral standards are not universal in nature. It is easily observable that individual and societal moral standards vary. In the political sphere, one government’s moral decisions may offend or upset another government. On a personal level, no two people will have the same moral standard to react uniformly to a common situation. The moral decisions taken by individuals are heavily influenced by their varied life experiences and personal preferences and prejudices.
My subjective reaction to situations where a moral decision is to be taken is always influenced by a combination of emotion and reason. I had an unforgettable experience in which I had to take a decision regarding the well-being of my friend Sarah. However, my decision had led to some unforeseen events which made me rethink the validity of reasoning that could apply for all at the same level. Sarah was known to have quit rehab a few weeks prior to the incident.