Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Dyslexia. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required.
The brain of each person is made up of white and grey matter whose primary functions is to process information. The lining of the white cast, which comprises of myelin facilitates communication between the nerves, which make up the grey matter. Booth and Burman (2001) explain how their research has unearthed that children with Dyslexia have a less grey matter on their left parietotemporal area compared to those without Dyslexia. With less grey matter, it means that these children will have problems processing information.
Further research by (Deutsch, Dougherty, Bammer, Siok, Gabrieli, & Wandell, 2005) extrapolates how people with Dyslexia also have less white matter still in the same left parietotemporal area of the brain. Since white matter is associated with reading skills, having less white issue leads to having lesser ability to communicate with one another through reading. The people without Dyslexia have their left hemisphere functioning to the fullest with the grey matter and the white case being in maximum capacity. They can, therefore, communicate with others through reading thoroughly and fluently without any hitches. Their information is also processed without any problem (Deutsch, Dougherty, Bammer, Siok, Gabrieli, & Wandell, 2005).
The other brain structural difference between people with Dyslexia and without Dyslexia revolves around the asymmetry of the hemispheres Heim and Keil (2004). People with Dyslexia and are right-handed have their hemispheres being symmetrical. This is the opposite of the people without Dyslexia and who are right-handed who have their hemispheres being asymmetrical. Their left hemisphere is larger than the right one. According to Heim and Keil (2004), this asymmetry and symmetry of the left hemisphere have an impact on the reading and processing of information on the children with Dyslexia. The left hemisphere is more considerable means that the processes the brain handles such as speech and reading on the left hemisphere are more adequate and refined. However, if the left hemisphere is smaller in size than usual, it is an indication that the processes and brain functions handled will be reduced and less refined.