BUS499 MODULE 1-4 CASE

 

Module 1 – Case

THE BALANCED SCORECARD & THE FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

In this module’s case assignment you will be introduced to the balanced scorecard concept and will begin to consider how organizations link strategy with the balanced scorecard approach. We will look at the interrelationship of strategy and the balanced scorecard approach in more depth later on in this course. For now, however, it is good to understand the fundamentals of the BSC and to consider examples of how organizations have integrated the BSC approach into their daily operations in a fashion that reflects the strategy of the respective organizations. 

To prepare for this case assignment you are to start by reading the required readings identified on the background page. You’ll note that one of those articles includes:

Martello, M., Watson, J., Fischer, M., (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of Business & Economics Research. 6(9), 67-80. Retrieved from:http://journals.cluteonline.com/index.php/JBER/article/view/2471/2517

This is the case study you will be evaluating for this assignment. Note that there is an option to download the PDF file rather than using the PDF viewer on this page. This may save you some aggravation. 

After reading this article, formulate an argumentative essay around the following thesis statement: 

Cattaraugus County Rehabilitation Center did an effective job of implementing a balanced scorecard approach in a fashion that reflects their organizational mission and vision.

 If you do not think this thesis is accurate, you can argue that the Center did not do an effective job.

Assignment Expectations

Your analysis should be structured in terms of the following four perspectives (you will be using essentially this same comparative evaluation framework for the first four modules of this course):

Introduction: In this part of your essay you will need to set up your argument by introducing your topic and presenting your position or thesis statement somewhere in this introductory paragraph.

Analysis: In this section you will present several arguments arguing in favor of your thesis statement. Make sure you discuss how the Center used the score card quadrants to align with organizational strategy (or how it failed to do so).

Conclusion: Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions: Your argumentative essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay. All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from G. Jetson’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (Jetson, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited.

 

Module 1 – Background

THE BALANCED SCORECARD & THE FINANCIAL PERSPECTIVE

Required Reading

Please read the Introduction and Chapters 1-3 of: 

MacKay, A., (2004) A practitioners guide to the balanced scorecard: A practitioners’ report based on: Shareholder and stakeholder approaches to strategic performance measurement using the balanced scorecard. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/Thought_leadership _docs/tech_resrep_a_practitioners_guide_to_the_balanced _scorecard_2005.pdf 

Please read Chapter 1 of: 

Murby, L., Gould, S., (2005). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced Scorecard: Technical Report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/ Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_ Scd_July_2005.pdf 

Also review the following to re-familiarize yourself with the concept of mission and vision as they relate to strategy: 

Robin, D. (n.d.) Vision, Mission and Values: Management Tools for Building a Better Workplace. Daniel Robin & Associates. Retrieved from: http://www.abetterworkplace.com/developing-the-organization-and-the-people-in-it/ 

The case assignment article can be found at:

Martello, M., Watson, J., Fischer, M., (2008). Implementing a balanced scorecard in a not-for-profit organization. Journal of Business & Economics Research. 6(9), 67-80. Retrieved from:http://journals.cluteonline.com/index.php/JBER/article/ view/2471/2517 

This web article will be helpful for focusing your SLP. 

Niven, P. (N.D.) Financial perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved fromhttp://www.epmreview.com/resources/articles/item/84-financial-perspective.html 

Optional Reading

American University of Beirut (N.D. Balanced Scorecard Initiative: Guidelines for Building a BSC. Retrieved fromhttp://www.aub.edu.lb/osm/scorecards/Documents/guidelines_for_building_a_bsc.pdf  

Averson, P. (1998). What is the Balanced Scorecard? Balanced Scorecard Institute, a Strategy Management Group company. Retrieved fromhttps://www.balancedscorecard.org/BSCResources/AbouttheBalancedScorecard/tabid/55/Default.aspx 

Measurements for Success. Retrieved from http://www.mystrategicplan.com/strategic-planning-topics/balanced-scorecard.shtml 

QuickMBA (N.D.) The Business Vision and Company Mission Statements. Retrieved fromhttp://www.quickmba.com/strategy/vision/ 

Sharma, P. (N.D.) Measuring Business strategy through balanced scorecard. Retrieved fromhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/5032771/Balanced-Scorecardfinancial-perspective

 

Module 2 – Case

BSC FLEXIBILITY & THE CUSTOMER PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

In the last module we looked at the Balanced Scorecard and how it is implemented from more of a purist’s approach and just touched on the flexibility of the tool. In this module, we are going to look at the BSC from more of an adaptive approach. That is to say, how adaptable is this tool given the wide variety of organizations out there in the world. 

In this assignment you are asked to study the required readings and to read the following case study: 

Basu, R., Little, C., Millard, C., (2009). Case Study: A fresh approach of the Balanced Scorecard in the Heathrow Terminal 5 project. Measuring Business Excellence. 13(4). 22-33. Retrieved from:http://www.perf-ex.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/T5-case-study-MBE-papaer.pdf 

After reading this article, write an essay in which you compare and contrast the balanced scorecard utilized by the British Airport Authority (BAA) at Heathrow Airport’s Terminal 5 project with the standard quadrants typically applied in a traditional BSC approach (financial focus, Internal focus, Learning and Growth focus, and Customer focus). That is to say, the Terminal 5 project was a large, public construction project using private contractors. Yet, the BSC approach is also applied to the manufacturing sector, health care sector, and is applied in both private and public organizations. So you’ll want to consider how the T5 project adapted the BSC approach to fit the prevailing circumstances to help formulate your arguments. 

Assignment Expectations

In formulating your essay you need to discuss to what degree the evidence suggests the balanced scorecard approach is amenable to most organizations. 

Introduction: In this part of your essay you will need to introduce your topic and provide a very brief overview of the key points you plan to make in your paper.

Analysis: In this section you will present the actual comparison and contrast between BAA’s approach to the Balanced Scorecard and more traditional approaches.

Conclusion: Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions: Your essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay. All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from F. Leghorn’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (Leghorn, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited.

 

Module 2 – Background

BSC FLEXIBILITY & THE CUSTOMER PERSPECTIVE

Required Reading 

Please review the Introduction and Chapters 1-3 of: 

MacKay, A., (2004) A practitioner’s guide to the balanced scorecard: A practitioners’ report based on: Shareholder and stakeholder approaches to strategic performance measurement using the balanced scorecard. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/Thought_leadership_docs/
tech_resrep_a_practitioners_guide_to_the_balanced_scorecard_2005.pdf

Please read Chapter 4 of: 

Murby, L., Gould, S., (2005). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced Scorecard: Technical Report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/Imported Documents/Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_ Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf 

The case assignment article can be found at: 

Basu, R., Little, C., Millard, C., ( 2009). Case Study: A fresh approach of the Balanced Scorecard in the Heathrow Terminal 5 project. Measuring Business Excellence. 13(4). 22-33. Retrieved from:http://www.perf-ex.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/T5-case-study-MBE-papaer.pdf 

This web article will be helpful for focusing your SLP. 

Niven, P. (N.D.) Customer perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved fromhttp://www.epmreview.com/resources/articles/item/85-customer-perspective.html 

Optional Reading 

Here is a rather detailed optional reading that may help to support your understanding of BSC implementation in various types of organizations:

Rohm, H., (2002). A balancing act. Perform. Retrieved from:http://www.balancedscorecard.org/LinkClick.aspx? fileticket=ph%2b8b3YMoBc%3d&tabid=56

 

Module 3 – Case

BSC IMPLEMENTATION & THE INTERNAL BUSINESS PROCESS PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

Any large scale change endeavor requires a great deal of effort on the part of a given organization to implement. Implementing a corporate wide BSC based performance management system is no different. In implementing such a system, organizational leaders face the challenge of overcoming organizational inertia rooted in resistance to change. This is no easy challenge, and is one of the major reasons why the majority of BSC initiatives (or large scale change initiatives in general) fail. 

In this module, therefore, we are going to look at the BSC not due to its value as a means of integrating strategy with operations or due to its usefulness as a performance management tool. Rather, in this module we are going to put on our organizational dynamics consultant hat and consider what it takes to implement a large scale organizational change endeavor. 

After completing the readings presented, write a 3-4 page essay that

In your own words, describe the efforts put forth by BAE in implementing the BSC approach in their organization from an implementation perspective. What efforts did they make to assure employees would be receptive to, and accept the BSC initiative? Describe to what extent you believe their efforts paid off. 

The case study for BAE can be found in Chapter 7 of: 

Murby, L., Gould, S., (2005). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced Scorecard: Technical Report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/Imported Documents/Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_ Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf

Assignment Expectations

Your assignment should include the following:

Introduction: In this part of your essay you will need to introduce your topic and provide a very brief overview of the key points you plan to make in your paper.

Analysis: In this section you will present the actual comparison and contrast between BAA’s approach to the Balanced Scorecard and more traditional approaches.

Conclusion: Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions: Your essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay. All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from J. Bravo’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (Bravo, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited.

 

Module 3 – Background

BSC IMPLEMENTATION & THE INTERNAL BUSINESS PROCESS PERSPECTIVE

Required Reading 

Required Reading 

Chapters 1-3 of:

MacKay, A., (2004) A practitioners guide to the balanced scorecard: A practitioners’ report based on: Shareholder and stakeholder approaches to strategic performance measurement using the balanced scorecard. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/Thought_leadership _docs/tech_resrep_a_practitioners_guide_to_the_balanced _scorecard_2005.pdf 

Also read/review Chapter 2-7 of: 

Murby, L., Gould, S., (2005). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced Scorecard: Technical Report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/ Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_ Scd_July_2005.pdf 

Go to the following webpage and review the two papers by Dr. Braam listed below. 

http://www.ru.nl/economics/@676887/pagina/#publications 

You do not need to review all the statistical stuff, just read through to the point where the author presents the hypotheses and then move to the discussion and/or conclusion sections of the documents. 

Braam, G.J.M. (2012). Balanced Scorecard’s interpretative variability and organizational change. In C.-H. Quah & O.L. Dar (Eds.), Business Dynamics in the 21st Century (pp. 99-112). Retrieved from Trident University Library. 

Braam, G.J.M. & Nijssen, E.J. (2011). Exploring antecedents of experimentation and implementation of the balanced scorecard. Journal of Management & Organization, 17(6), 714-728. Retrieved from Trident University Library. 

The second article is also available in Proquest 

This web article will be helpful for focusing your SLP. 

Niven, P. (N.D.)Internal process perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved fromhttp://www.epmreview.com/resources/articles/item/86-internal-process-perspective.html   

Optional Reading 

McLean, SR. and Mahaffey, SM. (2000). Implementing a surgical balanced scorecard. Surgical Services Management. 6(1). 43-47. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 

The Chartered Quality Institute. Retrieved from http://www.thecqi.org//Knowledge-Hub/Qualityworld/

 

Module 4 – Case

STRATEGY MAPPING & THE LEARNING AND GROWTH PERSPECTIVE

Assignment Overview

Explain the process of strategy mapping and how it relates to performance management and establishing value propositions. You may discuss this theoretically or use the Glacier Inn case study presented in the Armitage and Scholey (2009) document in your readings to serve as an example for integrating these ideas. Alternatively, you can use the Hazard Action Zone case study presented in Murby & Gold document (see background readings) if you’d prefer. 

Armitage, H., Scholey, C., (2006). Using strategy maps to drive performance. Society of Mgt. Accountants of Canada. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/Tech_MAG_Strategy_Mapping_March07.pdf

Assignment Expectations

Your essay should be 4 to 5 pages long and include the following:

Introduction: In this part of your essay you will need to introduce your topic and provide a very brief overview of the key points you plan to make in your paper.

Analysis: In this section you will present the actual comparison and contrast between BAA’s approach to the Balanced Scorecard and more traditional approaches.

Conclusion: Wrap up your argument with a clear and cogent synopsis of your findings. Do your best to convince your reader (aka, your professor) as to your position.

Additional Instructions: Your essay should be 3 to 4 pages in length (not counting your title page or references). You must include a list of references. APA formatting is preferred. Do not paste in sections of text into your essay. All of your work must be written in your own words. It’s OK to use a short quote now and again, but quotations must be in quotation marks and properly cited. In-text citations should be used anytime you are borrowing somebody else’s ideas, or information. That is to say, if you are borrowing a thought from a publication from J. Neutron’s article written in 2010, that section of text must be followed with (J. Neutron, 2010). Quotations, data, and general ideas (put into your own words) should all be cited. 

 

Module 4 – Background

STRATEGY MAPPING & THE LEARNING AND GROWTH PERSPECTIVE

Required Reading

Review: 

MacKay, A., (2004) A practitioners guide to the balanced scorecard: A practitioners’ report based on: Shareholder and stakeholder approaches to strategic performance measurement using the balanced scorecard. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/Thought_ leadership_docs/tech_resrep_a_practitioners_guide_to_the_balanced_scorecard_2005.pdf 

Review Chapters 1-6 and read section 7.2 of: 

Murby, L., Gould, S., (2005). Effective Performance Management with the Balanced Scorecard: Technical Report. Chartered Institute of Management Accountants. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/Documents/ImportedDocuments/
Tech_rept_Effective_Performance_Mgt_with_Balanced_Scd_July_2005.pdf

Read the following: 

Armitage, H., Scholey, C., (2006). Using strategy maps to drive performance. Society of Mgt. Accountants of Canada. Retrieved from:http://www.cimaglobal.com/documents/importeddocuments/tech_mag_strategy_mapping_march07.pdf 

Also take a look at the following web page and download the Strategy Map in a word document. This is a real simple example that will assist you in your strategy mapping discussions 

National Institute of Standards & Technology [NIST]., (2012). Baldrige Program Strategy Map. Retrieved from: http://www.nist.gov/baldrige/about/strategy_map.cfm

This web article will be helpful for focusing your SLP. 

Niven, P. (N.D.) Learning and growth perspective. EPM Review. Retrieved fromhttp://www.epmreview.com/resources/articles/item/87-learning-and-growth-perspective.html 

Optional Reading

Sharma, P. (N.D.) BSC – learning and growth. Retrieved May 17, 2010, fromhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/5032774/Balanced-Scorecardlearning-and-growth 

 

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