Write 5 pages thesis on the topic core elements of liberal world-view. It went against the perceptions that were common during that period including hereditary privileges, state religions, and absolute monarchies as well as Kings having divine rights. John Locke, a seventeenth-century philosopher, is usually given credit for developing liberalism as a discrete philosophical tradition through his arguments that every man has a natural right to life, liberty, and property, and based on social contracts, the government is not supposed to violate these freedoms. Liberals were against old-fashioned traditionalism and intended to substitute totalitarianism in government with an archetypal egalitarianism together with the law. The revolutionaries associated with sections of the French Revolution along with other liberal revolutionaries during that time employed liberal philosophies in their justification of armed overthrow of what they perceived as a dictatorial rule. In the nineteenth century, liberal forms of government were established in numerous countries all over Europe and America with the main ideological opponent of classical liberalism being conservatism.
John Locke is among the people who founded liberal political philosophy together with the philosophy of individual freedoms and limited governments which the philosophy that the American Constitution and the rest of the Western political systems are founded upon (Muthu, 2012, p. 84). Locke uses natural law to create a basis for his philosophy in his books. however, there are numerous varying interpretations of natural law including Ciceronian and Thomistic as well as Grotian. There have been arguments that the political philosophy developed by Locke is not founded on natural law, but on normal rights like the philosophy associated with Thomas Hobbes, and this has created the biggest controversy in the interpretation developed by Locke.