Write 5 pages thesis on the topic liturgy in religion and theology. The term Liturgy simply refers to the religious performances made by the Christian community publically. it also includes prayers and worshipping, feasts and communion, i.e. Sacrament of the Eucharist. The feast is attributed to the Last Supper taken by Holy Jesus Christ in the Upper portion of Zion, where he declared bread as his body, and wine (or water) as his blood (Anderson, 2005, pp. 302-303). It is, therefore, every newly baptised, newly married and recently repentant receives Communion from the Church minister as a holy feast associated with Christ. According to the Coptic Orthodox Church, “the Sacrament of Communion is a Holy Sacrament by which the believer eats the Holy Body and Precious Blood of Jesus Christ, presented by the Bread and Wine. .This Sacrament has the greatest importance among the Seven Church Sacraments.” Since the Communion maintains imperative significance, as Christ has declared that “He who eats My Flesh, and drinks My Blood abides in Me, and I in him” (John 6:56), it is revered and observed by the Christians en masse wherever they work, reside and migrate. .
Liturgy seeks its roots in the earliest Christian era. the apostles, saints and true followers of the earliest centuries A.D. celebrated the same in the light of the Biblical teachings and the noble sayings of Jesus Christ. As a result, the worshipping rites are accepted and embraced by future generations without violating any aspect related to its fundamental principles. Kavanagh notices that “the apostles did it, and so did the Fathers of the Church and her pastors far into the Middle Ages” (1982, p.3). However, some of the critics are of the opinion that liturgy is actually adapted to culture, and seeks inspiration from the state or country in which the Christians reside and practice the same. It is partially because of the diversity in worship methodology as well as the multiplicity of the style adopted by the Christian community. Hence, culture is a more dominant feature than religion in their eyes. Famous sociologist Robert Wuthnow has shown that although the Christian teachings lay stress upon .ethno-racial equality as a religious value, yet that value was not transmitted into actual behaviour (Hall, 2007, p.2).