You will prepare and submit a term paper on International Gender Wage Gaps. Your paper should be a minimum of 1250 words in length. These women are expected to deliver high productivity and blind obedience to company regulations. The scenario though much brighter in the case of developed industrialized nations is still far from satisfactory. For my project, I have analyzed the policies and existing gender wage gaps in the United Kingdom, which can be considered as one of the foremost developed countries in the world.
Gender wage gaps basically refer to the difference in hourly earnings of women as compared to men. “Women who work full time are paid on average just 87.4 percent of men’s hourly earnings, using the median.” (Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2005).
(Government Action Plan. Implementing the Women and Work Commission Recommendations. 2006). The action plan details measures, in my opinion, that have a far-reaching impact in minimizing the gender wage gaps. First of all, let us analyze the possible causes of this gender pay gap.
The difference in work experience – Women are more likely to take breaks from their career to look after their children, or address household needs. This will influence their level of work experience and in turn their pay rate.
Many women work part-time, but part-time work is mostly concentrated in less well-paid occupations. In order to cope with their multidimensional tasks of wife, mother, and career woman, many women resort to part-time work.
Most women travel less compared to men because of having to balance work with home responsibilities. This means that they have a smaller choice of jobs to select from (nearer their home location), settling for a second-grade choice. Most well-paying jobs entail more frequent commuting.
Occupational Segregation-women seek employment in certain sectors in large numbers, these are generally lower paid than those fields that men choose. For example, engineering and business are highly paid professions but less chosen by women.
Often women who return to the workplace after having looked after their children find it difficult to regain a job that matches their educational expertise since they have lost out on the much-valued work experience.