You will prepare and submit a term paper on Robert Sampsons Criminology Theory of Collective Efficacy. Your paper should be a minimum of 2250 words in length. This was for the reason that it had enabled people to reflect on the challenges and dangers it presented to people as well as on how people would deal with such unwanted behavior. Crimes in any form were meant to give way to such disorder and disorganization in the society. In this manner, according to Comack and Brickey (1991), society had formulated its own law on having a definite social basis which both functioned to shape and to be shaped by its particular society. Likewise, our society had its own basis on what to consider a criminal behavior. This was in order to uphold social control.
Meanwhile, there were perspectives that had claimed that criminal conduct was brought about by individuals alone. One of the advocates of this view was Travis Hirschi. However, Robert Sampson, his student, was not interested in perceiving crime at a micro-level (focusing alone on individual characteristics, attitudes, and behaviors) point of view but was more captivated at looking at this concept at a macro – level (focusing on characteristics, attitudes, and behaviors outside the individual like the neighborhood) perspective since the crime had used to affect the whole society to the greatest extent (Lilly, Ball, and Cullen, 2006). Given this interest, Sampson had developed his own criminology theory of collective efficacy which basically suggested that neighborhoods had the capacity to reduce crime through realizing their common values and triggering informal social control (Sampson, 2006).
In this regard, the goal of this paper was to critically examine Robert Sampson’s criminology theory of collective efficacy. First, this paper would present an overview of collective efficacy theory. Second, its strengths would be presented. Third, the criticisms of collective efficacy would be provided. In this manner, this would allow reviewing critically the said theoretical approach to crime.
This section would first present an overview of the existing literature related to the topic of criminology theory of collective efficacy. This review aimed at providing a cursory outlook on how to critically examine Robert Sampson’s collective efficacy theory.